Jelisaveta Načić je bila naša prva žena arhitekta i prva studentkinja koja je upisala arhitekturu na Tehničkom fakultetu u Beogradu 1896. godine. Upisivanje arhitekture, kao i njen kasniji profesionalni angažman predstavljaju presedan u našoj istoriji, jer je Jelisaveta bila prva žena koja je učestvovala na projektovanju i adaptiranju beogradskih objekata.

Iako krajem XIX veka, kada Jelisaveta upisuje arhitekturu društvo u Srbiji nije blagonaklono gledalo na obrazovanje žena ili na angažovanje u poslovima van kuće, Jelisaveta fakultet završava već sa 22 godine (1900.). Nakon toga, uprkos rodnim ograničenjima vezanim za zapošljavanje, dobija posao u Ministarstvu građevina, a 1902. godine polaže dodatni ispit i postaje jedna od glavnih beogradskih arhitekata.

Njena prva angažovanja bila su uređivanje Kalemegdana i Terazija, a projektovala je crkvu Svetog Aleksandra Nevskog (Beograd), te prvu bolnicu za obolele od tuberkuloze u Srbiji, koja je srušena posle Prvog svetskog rata. Verovatno najznačajniji Jelisavetin projekat je zgrada osnovne škole „Kralj Petar Prvi“, na čijoj se fasadi nalaze portreti Dositeja Obradovića i Vuka Karadžića. 1923. godine je u ovoj zgradi odigrana prva košarkaška utakmica u Beogradu. Pored javnih zgrada, Jelisaveta je projektovala i stambene objekte – kolektivne zgrade i porodične kuće, a po njenim nacrtima su izgrađeni i prvi radnički stanovi u jednoj dvospratnoj zgradi u Beogradu.

Za vreme Prvog svetskog rata Jelisaveta je odvedena u logor u Mađarsku, gde upoznaje zatvorenika, albanskog intelektualca, Luku Lukaja za koga se kasnije udaje. Nakon izlaska iz logora sele se u Skadar, gde Jelisaveta mužu pomaže u organizovanju gerilske borbe za slobodnu Albaniju, da bi se posle neuspele akcije odselili u Dubrovnik. Ostatak svog života Jelisaveta posvećuje ćerci i više se nije bavila arhitekturom. Posle Drugog svetskog rata, na inicijativu Saveza arhitekata Jugoslavije dodeljena joj je penzija, kao priznanje za rad.

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//Jelisaveta Načić was the first woman to study architecture at University of Belgrade in 1896 and the first woman who became an architect in Serbia. This, along with her later professional engagement in the field of architecture presents a precedent in Serbian history, because Jelisaveta was the first woman who participated in planning and adapting buildings in Belgrade.

At the time when Jelisaveta started her studies, women were not encouraged to engage in jobs outside of their home, nor to pursue their education. Nevertheless, she had finished her studies by the age of 22 (in 1900), and she managed to get a job at the Ministry of Construction. Two years later she became one of the leading architects in Belgrade.

 

One of her first jobs was transforming parts of Belgrade’s Kalemegdan fortress and Terazije square. She has also designed church of St Alexander Nevsky in Belgrade, and the first hospital for tuberculosis patients, which was destroyed in the WWI. Jelisaveta’s most significant project was the school building (named “Peter the First of Serbia”), and that is where the first basketball match ever was played in Serbia. Apart from designing public buildings, Jelisaveta has also designed residential buildings in Belgrade.


During the WWI Jelisaveta was imprisoned in a camp in Hungary, and that is where she met her future husband, Albanian intellectual Luka Lukai. After their release from imprisonment they moved to Shkodër (Albania), where they both participated in organising guerilla warfare for “freedom of Albania”. After failure of their plans, they moved to Dubrovnik (Croatia). Jelisaveta never worked  as an architect again and she dedicated herself to raising her daughter.